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Transcript of 1954 Oppenheimer Hearing Declassified in Full

The entire transcript of J. Robert Oppenheimer’s hearing by the Atomic Energy Commission is now available online, 60 years after the fact. Read the entire document here.

Solving the Iranian Nuclear Puzzle

The Arms Control Association has released a briefing book on the ongoing issue of Iran’s nuclear program. The book serves as a good primer on the entire development up to this point. The full PDF can be read here.

 

“To the people of Israel, this could, one day, become a mortal danger”

Or Rabinowitz of The Wilson Center has written an article on the historical nuclear relationship between Israel and Pakistan. The piece contains correspondence between Israeli PM Menachem Begin and Margaret Tatcher, written in 1979.

 

Taking down nuclear weapons in a virtual world

The Monterey Institute of International Studies used avatar based virtual reality (ABVR) to demonstrate the steps to achieving the “inevitable that one day the nuclear weapon possessing states will disarm,” would be achieved. Here’s a taste.

 

Dress-rehearsal for detecting a nuclear explosion

A major nuclear verification simulation will be undertaken by the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) in November and December 2014 in Jordan beside the Dead Sea. Teams will scour one thousand square kilometres of rugged terrain to determine if there was a fictional hidden nuclear explosion. The simulation mimics the final verification tool at the disposal of the Treaty when it comes into force.

 

Examining the risks

Too Close for Comfort  a new report from the UK’s Chatham House cites a number of disclosed near nuclear misses and opines that the probability of risk from the thousands of nuclear weapons remaining in their arsenals and bunkers around the world has been underestimated and needs to be reassessed.

Women have often been under-appreciated in the nuclear industry, even though they’ve been working in it from the very beginning. This series of essays hopes to shed light on their contributions then and now: Women and nuclear weapons policy, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Report to Congress on Abnormal Occurrences – Fiscal Year 2012, United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission

US nuclear forces, 2014, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

 

A primer on safety, safeguards and security

The Daily Star, the largest circulation English daily in Bangladesh, carried the following contribution on its op-ed pages 31 March by Abdul Matin.

Because of the inherent similarity, many people, including policy makers, civil servants and journalists, often get confused and use the terms, nuclear safety, nuclear safeguards and nuclear security, inappropriately.

http://www.thedailystar.net/op-ed/are-safety-safeguards-and-security-synonymous-17964

 

Weapons and the materials that make them

International Panel on Fissile Materials (everything you want to know about who has how much nuclear weapon-usable material) http://www.fissilematerials.org

International Panel on Fissile Materials blog http://www.fissilematerials.org/blog

Archive of IPFM reports since 2006, free to download http://fissilematerials.org/library/ipfm

Science & Global Security – the international journal for peer-reviewed technical studies on nuclear arms control, disarmament, and nonproliferation policy

Free archive of the past 20 years of journal articles http://scienceandglobalsecurity.org/archive/

A guide to the literature on nuclear arms control for the non-specialist http://www.princeton.edu/~aglaser/2008aglaser_ajp.pdf

Worldwide deployments of nuclear weapons 2014http://bos.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/08/26/0096340214547619.full.pdf+html

 

Nuclear weapons history, science, and global stockpiles, IAEA safeguards

The difficulties of writing history:
Abraham, Itty. The Ambivalence of Nuclear Histories. Osiris 21 (2006): 49–65.

 

Histories of national programs:
Abraham, Itty. The Making of the Indian Atomic Bomb: Science, Secrecy and the Postcolonial State. Zed Books, 1998.

Cohen, Avner. Israel and the Bomb. Columbia University Press, 1998.

Holloway, David. Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-1956. Yale University Press, 1996.

Lifton, Robert J., and Greg Mitchell. Hiroshima in America. HarperCollins, 1996.

Sherwin, Martin. A World Destroyed: Hiroshima and Its Legacies. Stanford University Press, 2003 [1975].

 

On the follies of nuclear weapons development, the US:

Eden, Lynn. Whole World on Fire: Organizations, Knowledge, And Nuclear Weapons Devastation, 1–12. Cornell University Press, 2006.

Gusterson, Hugh. Nuclear Rites: a Weapons Laboratory at the End of the Cold War. University of California Press, 1998.

Hecht, Gabrielle. The Radiance of France: Nuclear Power and National Identity After World War II. MIT Press, 2009.

Sagan, Scott Douglas. The Limits of Safety: Organizations, Accidents, and Nuclear Weapons. Princeton University Press, 1995.

Schlosser, Eric. Command and Control. New York: Penguin Press, 2009.

Wills, Garry. Bomb Power: The Modern Presidency and the National Security State. Penguin, 2011.

 

IAEA history and the international control of nuclear weapons:

Relevant documents:
16 March 1946, The Acheson-Lillienthal Report
14 June 1946, The Baruch Plan and Soviet Alternative

“Official History,” to be taken with a grain of salt:

Fischer, David. History of the International Atomic Energy Agency : the First Forty Years. Vienna: The Agency, 1997.

The role of science in policy:
Krige, John. Atoms for Peace, Scientific Internationalism, and Scientific Intelligence. Osiris21.1 (2006): 161–181.

A case study:
Harrer, Gudrun. Dismantling the Iraqi Nuclear Programme: The International Atomic Energy Agency, 1991-1998. Taylor & Francis Group, 2013.

The role of African states in the negotiation of the IAEA:
Hecht, Gabrielle. Being Nuclear: Africans and the Global Uranium Trade. MIT Press, 2012.

 

Food for thought:
Cohn, Carol. “Sex and Death in the Rational World of Defense Intellectuals.” Signs 12, no. 4 (July 1, 1987): 687–718.

Hymans, Jacques E.C. The Psychology of Nuclear Proliferation, Identity, Emotions and Foreign Policy.

Gusterson, Hugh. Nuclear Weapons and the Other in the Western Imagination. Cultural Anthropology 14, no. 1 (2008): 111–143.

Jasanoff, Sheila, and Sang-Hyun Kim. 2009. Containing the Atom: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and Nuclear Power in the United States and South Korea. Minerva 47(2):119-146.

 

Uploaded Resources

Nuclear Weapons—Development, Detonation, Deterrence & Disarmament: A Bibliography,

Patrick S. O’Donnell, Department of Philosophy Santa Barbara City College

Athens Dialogue on A Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction as well as Their Means of Delivery

Report prepared by Professor Joseph A. Camilleri, Professor Michael Hamel-Green, Associate Professor Marianne Hanson, Dr Michális S. Michael, Nicholas A.J. Taylor

 

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