Suggested Reading

Resources for journalists from the Middle East participating in the Atomic Reporters/VCDNP workshop Reporting Nuclear News 23-25 June 2014, in Vienna, Austria




On nuclear non-proliferation generally and the current status of the non-proliferation regime

The following links explore and explain various aspects of modern day non-proliferation policy, that is, the formal steps taken to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons around the world. In this and other sections, articles near the top of the list provide an easily understandable overview of the topic while items lower down are more specialized and complex.

The broader picture

Overview of the non-proliferation regime:

UNIDIR P5 Nuclear Forces Interactive Web Resource:

NPT Briefing Book (2014 Edition):


Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons:

CNS 2014 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Action Plan Monitoring Report, Gaukhar Mukhatzhanova:

Reaching Critical Will Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Action Plan Monitoring Reports:

Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water (also known as the Partial Test-Ban Treaty):

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty:


Berry, Lewis,Pélopidas, Sokov, and Wilson (2010) Delegitimizing Nuclear Weapons: Examining the validity of deterrence. Monterey, CA: James Martin Center for Non-Proliferation Studies:

Gaertner (2013) Deterrence, Disarmament and Arms Control. Working Paper 68. Vienna: Austrian Institute for International Affairs:


Overviews of existing Nuclear Weapon Free Zones with corresponding treaties

Public information and studies on the status of current Weapon Free Zones and the lessons learned from their creation.

Rauf (2014) The Role of Safeguards in a Nuclear-Weapon Free Zone in the Middle East. Stockholm: Sipri:

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East:

Nuclear Threat Initiative – Treaties and Regimes Relating to Disarmament, Arms Control and Nonproliferation of WMD:

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East, Report by the Director General, August 2013:

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East, Resolution Adopted on 24 September 2010 during the ninth plenary:

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East, Statement of U.S. to the IAEA Board of Governors, September 2013:


Freeing the Middle East from nuclear weapons and other WMD

A varied collection of facts and opinion on the possibility of making the Middle East a Weapon Free Zone. While the concept is not new, debate rages on among various intellectual factions.


WMD-Free Zone Middle East Proposal at a Glance:

Foradori and Malin (2013) A WMD Free Zone in the Middle East. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs:

Dassa Kaye (2012) The Middle East WMD-Free Zone Conference: A Reset for Regional Arms Control? The Non-Proliferation Review 19(3): 413-428:

CNS and VCDNP (2011) Fact Sheet 2: Information Relevant to the IAEA General Conference. Topic: Middle East:

1995 NPT Review and endorsement of a Middle East zone free of nuclear and other WMD

NPT Middle East Resolution (1995):

Decisions of the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference and Resolution on the Middle East:

A plurality of opinions

Taylor (2013) The Middle East needs to be a nuclear-weapons-free zone. Al Jazeera, 12 January 2013:

Fitzpatrick (2014) Overwhelming Global Vote for the Iran Nuclear Deal. Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 56(1): 71-75:

Edelman, Krepinevich, and Montgomery (2011) The Dangers of a Nuclear Iran: The Limits of Containment. Foreign Affairs, pp. 66-81:

Israel is only obstacle to nuclear free Middle East: Iran. The Teheran Times, 10 May 2014:

Mekelberg (2014) Guilty by association: Israel, Iran and North Korea. Al Arabiya News, 21 May 2014:

Mideast Envoys Weigh Two New Bids to Jolt WMD-Ban Talks. NTI, 6 June 2014:

Diplomats Bound for Geneva with Differing Aims for Mideast WMD-Ban Talks. National Journal, 20 June 2014.

Extensive material on Iran:

image02Nuclear weapons history, science, and global stockpiles, IAEA safeguards

Information on the inception and continued development of nuclear weapons, and the role given to the IAEA by the global community that governs their purpose.

The basics

Brief timeline of nuclear explosions:

Overview of nuclear weapons history:

Overview of nuclear science history:

Joseph Cirincione (2007, with new 2013 Afterword) Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons:

Specific reports

International Panel on Fissile Materials – Global Fissile Material Report 2013:

Findlay (2012) Unleashing the Nuclear Watchdog: Strengthening and Reform of the IAEA. Waterloo: CIGI:

The nuclear fuel cycle and the non-proliferation debate

In short: how nukes are made.

Goldschmidt (2004) The Proliferation Challenge of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in Non-Nuclear Weapons States:

The Nuclear Weapons Fuel Cycle:

The Nuclear Fuel Cycle: (long version by the IAEA); (short version by the BBC).

Scheinman (2004) The Nuclear Fuel Cycle: A Challenge for Non-Proliferation:

image03Nuclear safety and security

Nuclear weapons are tremendously powerful tools of destruction, so here is a collection of resources on preventing their usage.

Bunn, Malin, Roth, and Tobey (2014) Advancing Nuclear Security: Evaluating Progress and Setting New Goals:

Austin, Kostyuk, and Cappon (2014) A Measure of Restraint in Cyberspace: Reducing Risk to Civilian Nuclear Assets:

IAEA resources on nuclear safety and security:

Lewis, Williams, Pelopidas, and Aghlani (2014) Too Close for Comfort: Cases of Near Nuclear Use and Options for policy:

Ongoing coverage of the issue:

Nuclear Threat Initiative – Nuclear Materials Security Index:

Climactic Consequences of Nuclear Conflict:

A view from the press

Several of the journalist speakers attending this workshop have provided their own articles and may refer to them  at the event. This range of articles share one common trait: a particular focus on Iran and Israel.

Borger (2009) Why Iran confessed to secret nuclear site built inside mountain

Borger (2010) Living up to nuclear expectations

Borger (2010) Who is killing Iran’s nuclear scientists?

Borger (2011) The IAEA report: what does it really mean and will it lead to war with Iran?

Borger (2014) The truth about Israel’s secret nuclear arsenal

Frantz (2003) Iran Closes In on Ability to Build a Nuclear Bomb

Frantz (2003) Israel’s Arsenal Is Point of Contention

Frantz (2008) The Spider’s Stratagem

Hibbs (2010) Iran, the NAM, and Amano

Hibss (2010) Ten Lessons from September’s IAEA Diplomacy

Hibbs (2010) Iran’s Quest For the F6 in its UF6

Hibbs (2012) The Plan for IAEA Safeguards

Hibbs (2013) Assad’s Uranium Inventory

Hibbs (2013) Reconverting Iran’s U3O8 to UF6

Hibbs (2013) Iran and Secondary Uranium Sources

Hibbs (2013) A Year of Too-Great Expectations for Iran

Hibbs (2014) Handling Iran’s Weaponization File

Hibbs (2014) The T-Word and Iran Negotiations

Tirone (2009) Iran Raises Uranium Output as Photos Show Need for Wider Checks

Tirone (2010)  Pakistani Bomb Got Help From UN as Lax Oversight Weakened Nuclear Watchdog

Tirone (2013) Tepco’s Claim Radiation Leaks Confined to Coast Called ‘Silly’

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