Suggested Reading

Resources for journalists from the Middle East participating in the Atomic Reporters/VCDNP workshop Reporting Nuclear News 23-25 June 2014, in Vienna, Austria

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On nuclear non-proliferation generally and the current status of the non-proliferation regime

The following links explore and explain various aspects of modern day non-proliferation policy, that is, the formal steps taken to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons around the world. In this and other sections, articles near the top of the list provide an easily understandable overview of the topic while items lower down are more specialized and complex.

The broader picture

Overview of the non-proliferation regime: http://www.un.org/disarmament/WMD/Nuclear/

UNIDIR P5 Nuclear Forces Interactive Web Resource: http://nuclearforces.org/

NPT Briefing Book (2014 Edition): https://wwwdotatomicreportersdotcom.files.wordpress.com/2014/06/npt_briefing_book_2014.pdf

Treaties

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: http://www.un.org/disarmament/WMD/Nuclear/NPTtext.shtml

CNS 2014 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Action Plan Monitoring Report, Gaukhar Mukhatzhanova: http://www.nonproliferation.org/2014-npt-action-plan-monitoring-report/

Reaching Critical Will Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Action Plan Monitoring Reports: http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/resources/publications-and-research/publications/5456-npt-action-plan-monitoring-reports

Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water (also known as the Partial Test-Ban Treaty): http://disarmament.un.org/treaties/t/test_ban/text

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: http://disarmament.un.org/treaties/t/ctbt/text

Deterrence

Berry, Lewis,Pélopidas, Sokov, and Wilson (2010) Delegitimizing Nuclear Weapons: Examining the validity of deterrence. Monterey, CA: James Martin Center for Non-Proliferation Studies: https://ext.d-nsbp-p.admin.ch/NSBExterneStudien/192/attachment/fr/748.pdf

Gaertner (2013) Deterrence, Disarmament and Arms Control. Working Paper 68. Vienna: Austrian Institute for International Affairs: http://www.oiip.ac.at/fileadmin/Unterlagen/Dateien/Arbeitspapiere/WP68_HG_end.pdf

 

Overviews of existing Nuclear Weapon Free Zones with corresponding treaties

Public information and studies on the status of current Weapon Free Zones and the lessons learned from their creation.

Rauf (2014) The Role of Safeguards in a Nuclear-Weapon Free Zone in the Middle East. Stockholm: Sipri: http://www.sipri.org/media/newsletter/essay/rauf_feb14

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East: http://www.un.org/disarmament/WMD/Nuclear/NWFZ.shtml

Nuclear Threat Initiative – Treaties and Regimes Relating to Disarmament, Arms Control and Nonproliferation of WMD: http://www.nti.org/treaties-and-regimes/treaties/

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East, Report by the Director General, August 2013: http://www.iaea.org/About/Policy/GC/GC57/GC57Documents/English/gc57-10_en.pdf

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East, Resolution Adopted on 24 September 2010 during the ninth plenary: http://www.iaea.org/About/Policy/GC/GC54/GC54Resolutions/English/gc54res-13_en.pdf

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East, Statement of U.S. to the IAEA Board of Governors, September 2013: http://vienna.usmission.gov/130912me.html

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Freeing the Middle East from nuclear weapons and other WMD

A varied collection of facts and opinion on the possibility of making the Middle East a Weapon Free Zone. While the concept is not new, debate rages on among various intellectual factions.

Overviews

WMD-Free Zone Middle East Proposal at a Glance: http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/mewmdfz

Foradori and Malin (2013) A WMD Free Zone in the Middle East. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/dp_2013-09.pdf

Dassa Kaye (2012) The Middle East WMD-Free Zone Conference: A Reset for Regional Arms Control? The Non-Proliferation Review 19(3): 413-428: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10736700.2012.734189#.U4wm0ijwVRo

CNS and VCDNP (2011) Fact Sheet 2: Information Relevant to the IAEA General Conference. Topic: Middle East: http://cns.miis.edu/stories/110914_iaea_factsheets/cns_iaea_factsheet_middle_east.pdf

1995 NPT Review and endorsement of a Middle East zone free of nuclear and other WMD

NPT Middle East Resolution (1995): http://www.un.org/disarmament/WMD/Nuclear/1995-NPT/pdf/Resolution_MiddleEast.pdf

Decisions of the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference and Resolution on the Middle East: http://cns.miis.edu/treaty_npt/pdfs/1995_Decisions_and_resolution.pdf

A plurality of opinions

Taylor (2013) The Middle East needs to be a nuclear-weapons-free zone. Al Jazeera, 12 January 2013: http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2013/01/2013141248927573.html

Fitzpatrick (2014) Overwhelming Global Vote for the Iran Nuclear Deal. Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 56(1): 71-75: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00396338.2014.882153?journalCode=tsur20#.U4wm1CjwVRo

Edelman, Krepinevich, and Montgomery (2011) The Dangers of a Nuclear Iran: The Limits of Containment. Foreign Affairs, pp. 66-81: http://belfercenter.hks.harvard.edu/publication/20694/dangers_of_a_nuclear_iran.html

Israel is only obstacle to nuclear free Middle East: Iran. The Teheran Times, 10 May 2014: http://tehrantimes.com/politics/115621-israel-is-only-obstacle-to-nuclear-free-mideast-iran

Mekelberg (2014) Guilty by association: Israel, Iran and North Korea. Al Arabiya News, 21 May 2014: http://english.alarabiya.net/en/views/news/middle-east/2014/05/21/Guilty-by-association-Israel-Iran-and-North-Korea.html

Mideast Envoys Weigh Two New Bids to Jolt WMD-Ban Talks. NTI, 6 June 2014: http://www.nti.org/gsn/article/mideast-envoys-weigh-two-new-bids-jolt-wmd-ban-talks/?mgs1=6906g9ap9Z

Diplomats Bound for Geneva with Differing Aims for Mideast WMD-Ban Talks. National Journal, 20 June 2014. http://www.nationaljournal.com/global-security-newswire/diplomats-bound-for-geneva-with-differing-aims-for-mideast-wmd-ban-talks-20140620

Extensive material on Iran: http://iranmatters.belfercenter.org/

image02Nuclear weapons history, science, and global stockpiles, IAEA safeguards

Information on the inception and continued development of nuclear weapons, and the role given to the IAEA by the global community that governs their purpose.

The basics

Brief timeline of nuclear explosions: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gJe7fY-yowk

Overview of nuclear weapons history: http://ctbto.org/nuclear-testing/

Overview of nuclear science history: http://world-nuclear.org/info/Current-and-Future-Generation/Outline-History-of-Nuclear-Energy/

Joseph Cirincione (2007, with new 2013 Afterword) Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons: http://books.google.at/books?id=DhNgwVC6voMC&dq=nuclear+weapon+history&lr=&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Specific reports

International Panel on Fissile Materials – Global Fissile Material Report 2013: http://fissilematerials.org/library/gfmr13.pdf

Findlay (2012) Unleashing the Nuclear Watchdog: Strengthening and Reform of the IAEA. Waterloo: CIGI: http://www.cigionline.org/sites/default/files/IAEA_final_0.pdf

The nuclear fuel cycle and the non-proliferation debate

In short: how nukes are made.

Goldschmidt (2004) The Proliferation Challenge of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in Non-Nuclear Weapons States: http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/statements/ddgs/2004/goldschmidt26042004.html

The Nuclear Weapons Fuel Cycle: http://www.isisnucleariran.org/sites/weapons-fuel-cycle/

The Nuclear Fuel Cycle: http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Booklets/NuclearFuelCycle/nfc0811.pdf (long version by the IAEA); http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/sci_nat/05/nuclear_fuel/html/mining.stm (short version by the BBC).

Scheinman (2004) The Nuclear Fuel Cycle: A Challenge for Non-Proliferation: http://www.acronym.org.uk/dd/dd76/76ls.htm

image03Nuclear safety and security

Nuclear weapons are tremendously powerful tools of destruction, so here is a collection of resources on preventing their usage.

Bunn, Malin, Roth, and Tobey (2014) Advancing Nuclear Security: Evaluating Progress and Setting New Goals: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/24014/advancing_nuclear_security.html

Austin, Kostyuk, and Cappon (2014) A Measure of Restraint in Cyberspace: Reducing Risk to Civilian Nuclear Assets: http://www.ewi.info/idea/measure-restraint-cyberspace

IAEA resources on nuclear safety and security: http://www-ns.iaea.org/

Lewis, Williams, Pelopidas, and Aghlani (2014) Too Close for Comfort: Cases of Near Nuclear Use and Options for policy: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/files/chathamhouse/home/chatham/public_html/sites/default/files/20140428TooCloseforComfortNuclearUseLewisWilliamsPelopidasAghlani.pdf

Ongoing coverage of the issue: http://nuclearsecuritymatters.belfercenter.org/

Nuclear Threat Initiative – Nuclear Materials Security Index: http://ntiindex.org/

Climactic Consequences of Nuclear Conflict: http://climate.envsci.rutgers.edu/nuclear/

A view from the press

Several of the journalist speakers attending this workshop have provided their own articles and may refer to them  at the event. This range of articles share one common trait: a particular focus on Iran and Israel.

Borger (2009) Why Iran confessed to secret nuclear site built inside mountain http://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/sep/25/iran-nuclear-uranium-enrichment-intelligence

Borger (2010) Living up to nuclear expectations http://www.theguardian.com/world/julian-borger-global-security-blog/2010/mar/01/obama-nuclear-weapons-policy

Borger (2010) Who is killing Iran’s nuclear scientists? http://www.theguardian.com/world/julian-borger-global-security-blog/2010/nov/29/iran-nuclear-weapons

Borger (2011) The IAEA report: what does it really mean and will it lead to war with Iran? http://www.theguardian.com/world/julian-borger-global-security-blog/2011/nov/09/iaea-nuclear-iran-israel1

Borger (2014) The truth about Israel’s secret nuclear arsenal http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/15/truth-israels-secret-nuclear-arsenal

Frantz (2003) Iran Closes In on Ability to Build a Nuclear Bomb http://articles.latimes.com/2003/aug/04/world/fg-nuke4

Frantz (2003) Israel’s Arsenal Is Point of Contention http://articles.latimes.com/2003/oct/12/world/fg-iznukes12

Frantz (2008) The Spider’s Stratagem http://www.economist.com/node/10424283

Hibbs (2010) Iran, the NAM, and Amano http://hibbs.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/71/iran-the-nam-and-amano

Hibss (2010) Ten Lessons from September’s IAEA Diplomacy http://carnegieendowment.org/2010/10/07/ten-lessons-from-september-s-iaea-diplomacy/2o1e

Hibbs (2010) Iran’s Quest For the F6 in its UF6 http://carnegieendowment.org/2012/01/02/iran-s-quest-for-f6-in-its-uf6/8umq

Hibbs (2012) The Plan for IAEA Safeguards http://carnegieendowment.org/2012/11/20/plan-for-iaea-safeguards/ekyb

Hibbs (2013) Assad’s Uranium Inventory http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/01/09/assad-s-uranium-inventory/f0gv

Hibbs (2013) Reconverting Iran’s U3O8 to UF6 http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/04/27/reconverting-iran-s-u3o8-to-uf6/g1nm

Hibbs (2013) Iran and Secondary Uranium Sources http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/08/23/iran-and-secondary-uranium-sources/gkb3

Hibbs (2013) A Year of Too-Great Expectations for Iran http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/12/30/year-of-too-great-expectations-for-iran/gxbv

Hibbs (2014) Handling Iran’s Weaponization File http://carnegieendowment.org/2014/01/20/handling-iran-s-weaponization-file/gz1u

Hibbs (2014) The T-Word and Iran Negotiations http://carnegieendowment.org/2014/06/09/t-word-iran-negotiations/hd83

Tirone (2009) Iran Raises Uranium Output as Photos Show Need for Wider Checks http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aMtzNb9WS83I

Tirone (2010)  Pakistani Bomb Got Help From UN as Lax Oversight Weakened Nuclear Watchdog http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-12-15/pakistani-nuclear-weapons-program-s-aid-from-un-shows-weakness-of-watchdog.html

Tirone (2013) Tepco’s Claim Radiation Leaks Confined to Coast Called ‘Silly’ http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-10-07/tepco-s-claim-radiation-leaks-confined-to-coast-called-silly-.html

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